Prevention, Early Detection and Management of Childhood Disabilities

Prevention, Early Detection and Management of Childhood Disabilities, Training Manual For Primary Health Care Physicians, Association For Health and Environmental Development (AHED), First Edition 2004, 243 P. (الوقاية و الاكتشاف المبكر و التدخل المبكر في إعاقات الطفولة)

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AHED is an Egyptian Non-Governmental Organization established and registered with the Ministry of Social Affairs in November 1987. It is a multi-disciplinary organization formed to assist in the development and implementation of alternative policies and systems in the areas of Health, Environment, and Disability, which are capable of responding to the needs and rights of Egyptian society as a whole, and the most disadvantaged
and marginalized groups in particular. In all its work, AHED adopts the principles of equity, human rights, comprehensive integrated development and active community participation.

This Publication Was Produced Within The Framework Of Child-Focused Community-Based Rehabilitation Project With A Support Of The European Commission, And Plan International – Egypt

This training manual was developed and published by the “Association For Health and Environmental Development (AHED)” within the framework of the “Child‐Focused Community‐Based Rehabilitation project”. The project is being implemented in partnership among:
– International organizations; Plan International – Egypt and Save the Children
‐ UK,
– National authorities represented by the Ministry of Health and Population, the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Insurance and Social Affairs, and
– Egyptian Non‐Governmental Organizations (NGOs) working on the national
level which are: the Association for Health and Environmental Development
(AHED) and Caritas‐Egypt represented by SETI center for Training and Researches in Mental Disability.
The project aims at establishing copmprehensive Community‐Based Rehabilitation (CBR) demostrative models in different four Egyptian Governorates, that are being implemented
and will be sustained through community based organizations.
The training manual aims at enhancing the role of facilities of health care services provision on the primary level in the areas of prevention, early detection and management of
childhood disabilities as a part of the needed multi‐sectoral network to address the question of childhood disability in Egypt.
The role of facilities of health care services provision in addressing the childhood disability has been internationally recognized. In addition, the experience of establishing demonstrative CBR models indicates that the Primary Health Care (PHC) facilities can be the main player in the prevention, early detection and initial management including the referral.
This is believed to be true because of two facts. First, Egypt has a relatively huge PHC infrastructure with well geographically distributed facilities. Second, the roles of these facilities, especially in compulsory immunizations, make them a good first contact for infants and children.
The manual has been made to enhance this role through providing the needed conceptual framework, knowledge and skills related to prevention, early detection and initial management of childhood disabilities.
The manual was developed with the contribution of sound experts in medical and rehabilitation fields.
Further development of the current manual in next editions will depend, in principle, on the feed‐back of experts as well as the primary health care physicians who can enrich the manual with their practical experiences.

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